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Sep 05 2016

IPtables Configuration for Squid

In this post we will see how to configure IPTABLES firewall rules for SQUID proxy server.

Proxy server will also act as router for LAN network to forward specific ports to external servers.

While I have tested below configuration on CentOS 6.7, it will also work on other Linux based system with little modifications.

Replace IP address in below rule with your IPs.

LAN Ethernet – eth0                   #Interface Connected to LAN network

WAN Ethernet – eth1                 #Interface Connected to Internet Connection.

LAN Subnet – 192.168.2.0/24

Login to CentOS system which you need to configure as a squid proxy and act as a router for your LAN.

I assume that you have already configured SQUID on your system.

To know how you can get squid working with easy steps, see my previous post about squid configuration.

Enable IP forwarding.

To enable IP forwarding at runtime you can enter below command.

#echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

Add below line in /etc/sysctl.conf to enable ip forward during system boot.

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

IPTABLES Configuration for SQUID

Backup current/default iptables configuration.

#service iptables save

#cp /etc/sysconfig/iptables /root/iptables.backup

Flush all existing iptables rules.

#iptables -F

#iptables -F -t nat

INPUT chain

Add all incoming connection rules in this chain

Allow SSH from your LAN network

#iptables -I INPUT -s 192.168.2.0/24 -i eth0 -p tcp -m state –state NEW -m tcp –dport 22 -j ACCEPT

Allow Ping from LAN Network

#iptables -I INPUT -s 192.168.2.0/24 -i eth0 -p icmp -j ACCEPT

Accept connection from LAN network for SQUID Port 8080

#iptables -A INPUT -s 192.168.2.0/24 -I eth0 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 8080 -j ACCEPT

Allow everything on loop back interface

#iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

Allow all incoming ESTABLISHED connections.

#iptables -A INPUT -m state –state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

Block all other incoming connections.

#iptables -A INPUT -j REJECT –reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

FORWARD chain

Forward all packets from LAN network to its destination external IP or servers.

Forward all outgoing SMTP request to its destination smtp server

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -d smtp.example.com -i eth0 -o eth1 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 25 -j ACCEPT

Forward all outgoing pop request to destination pop server.

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -d pop.example.com -i eth0 -o eth1 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 110 -j ACCEPT

Allow smtp and pop ports for gmail, outlook configuration.

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -d pop.gmail.com -i eth0 -o eth1 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 995 -j ACCEPT

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -d smtp.gmail.com -i eth0 -o eth1 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 465 -j ACCEPT

As gmail usages multiple IPs, you need to do nslookup and find all IPs for smtp.gmail.com and pop.gmail and allow in iptables.

Forward all outgoing FTP connection

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.9/32 -i eth0 -o eth1 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 20 -j ACCEPT
#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.9/32 -i eth0 -o eth1 -p tcp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m tcp –dport 21 -j ACCEPT

Forward all outgoing ping request to external network.

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -i eth0 -o eth1 -p icmp -m icmp –icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT

Forward all outgoing DNS request to external DNS servers, for small office network, we have to use ISP DNS servers or we can use google open DNS.

#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -d 8.8.8.8/32 -i eth0 -o eth1 -p udp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m udp –dport 53 -j ACCEPT
#iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.2.0/24 -d 8.8.4.4/32 -i eth0 -o eth1 -p udp -m state –state NEW,ESTABLISHED -m udp –dport 53 -j ACCEPT

Forward all ESTABLISHED,RELATED connections from Internet to internal LAN network

#iptables -A FORWARD -i eth1 -o eth0 -m state –state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

Reject all other FORWARD request

#iptables -A FORWARD -j REJECT –reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Mask all outgoing connection with Internet IP

#iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth1 -j MASQUERADE

With this all outgoing packets will use public IP address and hide internal LAN IP.

Save iptables configuration

#service iptables save

By default iptables service start at system boot, however make sure it is set start to avoid any issues.

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